Dismorphia theucarila

Dismorphia theucarila, thirteen subspecies for this mimetic butterfly that flies from Mexico to Brasil and Northern Peru

(unknown from Southern Peru and Bolivia?).

 

for this species we clearly have three different geographic areas, each area with its own endemic phenotypes:

    - Mexico and Central America, where all specimens look the same, i.e. like ssp fortunata; wingspan between 39 and 48 mm.

 

    - South America West of the Andes, a small area with specific phenotypes with a lemon yellow ground color; wingspan from 38 to 51 mm

    - South America East of the Andes, a very large zone with two distinct areas

            1 - Colombia and Venezuela with orange phenotypes, from limited orange markings to a full orange ground color for females

 

 

            2 - from Ecuador South and Eastwards, with two "types", one of them, type A, being extremely variable, and the other one, type B, being noticeably larger.

type A, wingspan from 37 to 48 mm

type B, wingspan from 47 to 56 mm, and usually flying at higher elevations, but not always...

 

 

here are specimens we collected in each of these three areas

 

Mexico an Central America

Jicacal, Vera Cruz, Mexico

 

Atitlan volcano, Guatemala

 

Alta Vera Paz, Guatemala

 

Santa Tecla, el Salvador

 

Trujillo, Honduras

 

Jinotega, Nicaragua

 

Alajuela & Cartago, Costa Rica

 

San Vito, Costa Rica

 

no real differences from Vera Cruz down to the Costa Rica - Panama border.

 

South America West of the Andes

 

Choco, Colombia

Reserva Cotacachi Cayapas North, Ecuador - 800 m

 

Reserva Cotacachi Cayapas West, Ecuador - 100 m

 

Reserva Cotacachi Cayapas South, Ecuador - 1200 m

 

Guayas, Ecuador

 

South America East of the Andes

North Venezuela

 

Antioquia, Colombia

 

Boyaca, Colombia

 

Valle del Cauca, Colombia

 

Sucumbios, Ecuador

 

Napo, Ecuador - 500 m

 

Rio Negro, Tungurahua, Ecuador - 1600 m

 

Sangay NP, Puyo, Ecuador - 1000 m

 

Sangay NP, Palora, Ecuador - 1000 m

 

Sangay NP, rio Pastaza, Ecuador - 1300 m

 

Sangay NP, Sardinayacu, Ecuador - 1200/1500 m

 

Sangay NP, centro, Ecuador - 1700 m

 

Morona Santiago South, Ecuador - 1800 m

this last female looks markedly different, but what else could it be?

 

Zamora, Ecuador

 

Amazonas & San Martin, Peru

 

Huànuco, Peru

 

Madre de Dios, Peru

 

Rondonia, Brasil

 

 

Loreto, Peru

 

Leticia, Colombia

 

Guyane

 

 

 

 

 

Contact

Andean butterflies rhopal@orange.fr